The Sense HAT is a sensor board which has a 8×8 RGB LED matrix, a joystick and also includes a gyroscope, accelerometer, magnetometer and temperature, barometric pressure and humidity sensors.
The Raspberry Pi Sense HAT is attached on top of the Raspberry Pi via the 40 GPIO pins (which provide the data and power interface). The Sense HAT has several integrated circuit based sensors can be used for many different types of experiments, applications, and even games.
Gyroscope – angular rate sensor: +/-245/500/2000dps
Accelerometer – Linear acceleration sensor: +/-2/4/8/16 g
Magnetometer – Magnetic Sensor: +/- 4/8/12/16 gauss
Barometer: 260 – 1260 hPa absolute range (accuracy depends on the temperature and pressure, +/- 0.1 hPa under normal conditions)
Temperature sensor (Temperature accurate to +/- 2 degC in the 0-65 degC range)
Relative Humidity sensor (accurate to +/- 4.5% in the 20-80%rH range, accurate to +/- 0.5 degC in 15-40 degC range)
8×8 LED matrix display
Small 5 button
Once the board is fitted to your Raspberry Pi you need to update and upgrade your system
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Then install the Sense HAT software package:
sudo apt-get install sense-hat sudo pip3 install pillow
Reboot the Pi to complete the installation:
from sense_hat import SenseHat sense = SenseHat() sense.set_rotation(180) red = (255, 0, 0) sense.show_message("Scrolly test", text_colour=red)